It is a collection of psalms, of all the psalms that were divinely inspired, which, though composed at several times and upon several occasions, are here put They were an acknowledgment of guilt, and they were offered with a view to secure the pardon of sin, and, in connection with that, the favor of God. Psalm 20:5 New International Version (NIV) 5 May we shout for joy over your victory and lift up our banners in the name of our God. It would seem that the victory prayed for and The word means the same as defend him, for the idea is that of being set on a high place, a tower, a mountain, a lofty rock, where his enemies could not reach or assail him. Psalm 20:7-9. "In the day of trouble" ( Psalms 20:1 ). A king going forth to war implores the protection of a greater king than himself - the King of all nations; and who, therefore, had the disposal of the whole result of the conflict in which he was about to engage. on StudyLight.org Adam Clarke Commentary Let this be the reward of mine adversaries from the Lord, and of them Psalms 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings At that moment the people lift up the voice of sympathy and of encouragement, and pray that those sacrifices might be accepted, and that he might find the deliverance which he had desired. Military standards, however, were early used (compare Numbers 1:52; Numbers 2:2-3, Numbers 2:10, Numbers 2:18, Numbers 2:25; Numbers 10:14, Numbers 10:25), and indeed were necessary whenever armies were mustered for war, For the forms of ancient standards, see the article in Kitto‘s Cyclopaedia of the Bible, “Standards.”. The word rendered chariots - רכב rekeb - means properly riding, and then a vehicle for “riding,” a wagon, a chariot. To the choirmaster. This indicates that the ark of the covenant had now been transferred to Jerusalem, an event which is described in 2 Samuel 6:12-19. The word occurs often in the Scriptures, and is sometimes rendered offering, and sometimes oblation. The psalm, too, is a model for us to imitate when we embark in any great and arduous enterprise. Selah. III. He will hear him from his holy heaven - Margin, “from the heaven of his holiness.” So the Hebrew. In the beginning Psalm 20:1-4 there is an earnest “desire” that God would hear the suppliant in the day of trouble; in the close there is an earnest “prayer” to him from all … You can find the best commentary on Psalms for you using the tools on the right side. "In the day of trouble" (Psalms 20:1). Thus the close of the psalm corresponds with the beginning. Regarding the date of the Psalm. The LORD hear thee in the day of trouble; the name of the God of Jacob defend thee; 2 Send thee help from the sanctuary, and strengthen thee out of Zion; 3 Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice; Selah. Literally, “with the strengths of salvation.” The answer to the prayer will be manifest in the strength or power put forth by him to save. "We will set up our banners" (Psalms 20:5). “They “are” brought down.” He sees them in anticipation prostrate and subdued; he goes forth to war with the certainty on his mind that this would occur. This means merely that the enemy shall be defeated and humiliated and that Israel shall be triumphant and exalted. At this point in the ceremonial use of this psalm, a single speaker, perhaps the king himself, the high priest, or a prophet, using the first person singular, announces God's acceptance of the sacrifice and divine assurance that the prayers of the people upon behalf of the king are going to be answered favorably. They pray that the Lord would defend the king in the day of trouble; that the name of the God of Jacob would defend him; that he would send him help from the sanctuary, and strengthen him out of Zion; that he would remember his offerings and accept his burnt sacrifice; that he would grant him according to his own heart, and fulfill all his counsel. (b) the king, Psalm 20:5, first part. Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 20 « Previous Chapter 19 Next » Chapter 21 Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide Show content in: English Both Hebrew Chapter 20 1 For the conductor, a song of David. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Psalms 20 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material Verse 9 3. - Even the greatest of men may be much in trouble. Commentaries on Psalms A list of the best commentaries on Psalms ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. The phrase implies that God would interpose to save them; it expresses alike their confidence in that, and the fact that such a deliverance would fill their hearts with joy and rejoicing. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? It was not in their own strength, nor was it to promote the purposes of conquest and the ends of ambition; it was that God might be honored, and it was with confidence of success derived from his anticipated aid. 20:1-9 This psalm is a prayer for the kings of Israel, but with relation to Christ. Psalms 20:2 Context 1 (To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.) A psalm of David. May the LORD answer you when you are in distress; may the name of the God of Jacob protect you. May the name of the God of Jacob protect you! The word” trouble” here used would seem to imply that he was beset with difficulties and dangers; perhaps, that he was surrounded by foes. Hear us when we call - As we now call on him; its we shall call on him in the day of battle. "Remember all thy offerings ... accept thy burnt-sacrifice" (Psalms 20:3). The idea is, that he would grant his upholding hand in the day of peril. Now know I that the Lord saveth his anointed - Saveth, or will save, the king, who had been anointed, or consecrated by anointing to that office. The occasion that prompted the writing of this psalm is supposed to have been that of David's start of a war against Syria, at some considerable time after the return of the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem by King David. [3] However, the use of the word "king" refutes such a supposition, because Simon Maccabaeus was never, in any sense, a king. As Baigent accurately noted, these banners, "Are a reference to tribal standards displayed when camping or marching."[10]. If it means that David wrote the Psalm, there is the suggestion of a problem in the usage of the words of other people in a prayer for himself, which to modern ears sounds unnatural; but David may have composed this prayer to be prayed by the people upon behalf, not merely of himself, but on behalf of kings who would arise after him. 1870. Psalms 8:6 - "Thou hast put all things under his feet" (Hebrews 2:6-10) Psalms 41:9 - "Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me." Here, too, it would seem that he had been worshipped, and his aid implored, in view of this expedition; here the royal psalmist had sought to secure the divine favor by the presentation of appropriate sacrifices and offerings Psalm 20:3. Compare 1 Chronicles 21:26; 2 Chronicles 7:14; Nehemiah 9:27-28; Psalm 14:2; Psalm 102:19. heaven is represented as the dwelling-place of God, and it is there that he hears and answers our prayers. Jacob was the one of the patriarchs from whom, after his other name, the Hebrew people derived their name Israel, and the word seems here to be used with reference to the people rather than to the ancestor. The word rendered “brought down” - כרע kâra‛ - means “to bend,” “to bow” (as the knees); and then it refers to one who bows down before an enemy, that is, one who is subdued, Isaiah 10:4; Isaiah 65:12; Psalm 72:9; Psalm 78:31. Discussion for Psalms 20 Click here to view What Do You Think of Psalms 20? The God of Jacob, or the God of Israel, would be synonymous terms, and either would denote that he was the Protector of the nation. In Persia, the chariots, elevated upon wheels of considerable diameter, had four horses abreast; and in early ages, there were occasionally hooks or scythes attached to the axles.” - Kitto, “Cyclo.” In early ages these constituted a main reliance in determining the result of a battle. Of the precise occasion on which it was composed nothing can be known with certainty, for there is no historical statement on the point, and there is nothing in the psalm to indicate it. Though commonly read in isolation, the Psalms are best read as a collage that tells a story of God’s faithfulness to his people through his king. It conveys also the notion of reducing to ashes; perhaps from the fact that the victim which had been fattened for sacrifice was reduced to ashes; or, as Gesenius supposes (Lexicon, see דשׁן deshen ), because “ashes were used by the ancients for fattening, that is, manuring the soil.” The prayer here seems to be that God would “pronounce the burnt-offering fat;” that is, that he would regard it favorably, or would accept it. This Psalms is a form of prayer delivered by David to the people, to be used by them for the king, when he went out to battle against his enemies. Compare the note at Psalm 2:2. The word here employed occurs in the Psalms only in the following places: Psalm 20:3; Psalm 40:6; Psalm 96:8; where it is rendered offering and offerings; Psalm 45:12, rendered gift; Psalm 72:10, rendered presents; and Psalm 141:2, rendered sacrifice. So certain was he now of this that he could speak of it as if it were already done. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. we find the speculations of various writers about "when" any given Psalm was written are of little interest and still less importance. And accept - Margin, turn to ashes, or make fat. This psalm is a prayer, and the next a thanksgiving, for the king. He is certain of success and triumph. In this view, the use of the second person in Psalms 20:1-5 is not unnatural. It was also true of David. "Now know I that Jehovah saveth his anointed; With the saving strength of his right hand.". The name of the God of Jacob - The word name is often put in the Scriptures for the person himself; and hence, this is equivalent to saying, “May the God of Jacob defend thee.” See Psalm 5:11; Psalm 9:10; Psalm 44:5; Psalm 54:1; Exodus 23:21. The meaning is, We will not forget that our reliance is not on armies, but on God, the living God. The ancient superscription carries the notation, "A Psalm of David." Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. One name is … Also, as Watkinson observed, "It was this attitude that nerved the youthful David in his victorious combat with Goliath (1 Samuel 17:45). "A Psalm of David" may mean merely, "A Psalm about David," and not necessarily a Psalm written by David. The example is one which suggests the propriety of always entering upon any enterprise by solemn acts of worship, or by supplicating the divine blessing; that is, by acknowledging our dependence on God, and asking his guidance and his protecting care. Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710. א ל מ נ … According to this idea, and as seems to me to be manifest on the face of the psalm, it is composed of alternate parts as if to be used by the people, and by the king and his followers, in alternate responses, closing with a chorus to be used by all. The point or the moment of the psalm is when those sacrifices had been offered, and when he was about to embark on his enterprise. “Some,” is the language of this chorus, “trust in chariots and some in horses, but we will remember the name of the Lord our God,” Psalm 20:7. (Psalms 20:7). A benediction of the people for their king, ver. This is put in strong contrast with others, who relied, some on their chariots, and some on their horses, while “they” relied alone on God. This Syrian war was the occasion of his adultery with Bathsheba and of his heartless murder of her husband Uriah. Gerald H. Wilson, NIV Application Commentary (NIVAC), Zondervan, 2002, 1,024 pp. Alas, it is the destiny of every child of God to confront the day of trouble. "[4] After the times of Solomon, Israel possessed many chariots and horses. They had manifested such zeal in the cause, and they had offered so earnest petitions, that he could not doubt that God would smile favorably on the undertaking, and would grant success. The repeated intercession of the It expresses the joy which they would have in the expected deliverance from danger, and their conviction that through his strength they would be able to obtain it. From the sanctuary - From the tabernacle, or the holy place where God was worshipped, and where he was supposed to reside, Exodus 28:43; Exodus 29:30; Exodus 35:19; Exodus 39:1. They are brought down and fallen - That is, those who trust in chariots and horses. Remember all thy offerings - On the meaning of the word here used, see the note at Isaiah 1:13, where it is rendered oblations. ", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Whatever instrumentality we may employ, we will remember always that our hope is in God, and that he only can give success to our arms. 21 In him our hearts rejoice, for we trust in his holy name. The name of the God of Jacob set thee up on high; And in the name of our God we will set up our banners; The first person plural pronoun in Psalms 20:5 shows that it is the voice of the people who are vocalizing this petition in the sanctuary itself upon behalf of their king. David was a martial Commentary for Psalms 20 This psalm is a prayer for the kings of Israel, but with relation to Christ. Thy burnt sacrifice - The word used here denotes bloody offerings; see the note at Isaiah 1:11. The general meaning is, that their entire trust was in God. Some trust in chariots — This again was spoken by the people.The word trust is not in the Hebrew, which is more literally translated, These in their chariots, and those on their horses, but we will remember, make mention of, or, celebrate, the name of the Lord our God; that is, we will remember, or make mention of it, so as to boast of or trust in it. "[13] The evident reference to that event, implicit in these words, also strongly favors the Davidic authorship of the psalm, concerning which Rawlinson said, "There is no reason to doubt the Davidic authorship, asserted in the title and admitted by most critics."[14]. Drawing on over 20 years of study in the book of Psalms, Dr. Gerald H. Wilson reveals the links between the Bible and our present times. Psalm 21 – The Joyful King The title of this psalm is the same as several others: To the Chief Musician.A Psalm of David. 1-4. This is, therefore, a patriotic and loyal psalm, full of confidence in the king as he starts on his expedition, full of desire for his success, and full of confidence in God; expressing union of heart between the sovereign and the people, and the union of all their hearts in the great God. Psalms 109:20 - Let this be the reward of my accusers from the Lord , And of those who speak evil against my soul. The reference here is undoubtedly to the enemies against whom the king was about to wage war, and the language here is indicative of his certain conviction that they would be vanquished. "Help from the sanctuary ... out of Zion" (Psalms 20:2). The connection and the parallelism demand this interpretation, for to God only is this prayer addressed. 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